The wrist and hand are extremely complex and have the ability to move with more precision than any other region in the body. There are 19 bones in the hand alone, 8 in the wrist and 2 in the forearm. The wrists purpose is to function as a flexible link between the hand and the forearm. Because of it's complexity and the frequency and diversity of the actions it is utilised in, the wrist is particularly prone to overuse, misuse and trauma.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - The carpal tunnel is a channel like structure through the wrist formed from bones and ligaments. Inflammation in this area can irritate the median nerve which passes through the tunnel. This can be painful, and cause numbness and tingling within the hand.
Tendonitis - Means inflammation of the tendons and is typically a repetitive strain injury. It is a common problem that can cause pain and swelling.
Sprain - Wrist sprains are common injuries to the ligaments around the wrist joint. They are either caused by repetitive misuse or trauma and can cause swelling, pain and limit the use of the wrist and hand.
Strain - Wrist strains are also common in the wrist, occurring when the muscles are stressed beyond their comfortable limits, perhaps by overt trauma or repetitive use.
Dequervians Tenosynovitis - Tenosynovitis is inflammation of the layer of tissue surrounding the tendon. Dequervians specifically affects tissue in the thumb causing pain with movement.
Trigger Finger - prevents smooth movement within the fingers causing "locking" or "catching". It occurs when the tissues surrounding the finger tendons become inflamed and thickened.
Sharp Pain - Indicates inflammation. This can occur with tendons, bursas or indeed the joint itself.
Ache - Often originates from muscular problems, tightness or overuse.
Restriction - Can occur when the joint itself is involved as with osteoarthritis, or can be restricted by pain from muscle and tendon problems.
Weakness - May be associated with pain, or can be directly caused through nerve involvement.
Numbness n Tingling - Indicates nerve involvement. When the hand is involved, the nerves may can be irritated anywhere from the neck to the wrist or hand itself.